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  • As Canadians queue to vote in the


    As Canadians queue to vote in the federal election next week, some will be uncomfortable knowing that the new Fair Elections Act that requires an official photo identification will overwhelmingly discriminate against those who are least likely to produce it—the very groups cited by UNCOHR. Many Canadians perhaps already uncomfortable with Canada\'s tepid response to the Syrian refugee crisis will have been further dismayed to learn this past week that it was Harper\'s interference with the refugee claimant process that shut the doors; as they motilin receptor their ballot, some will recall a different era when Canada welcomed tens of thousands of refugees from Vietnam and Kosovo. But no Canadian will recall anything to compare with the recent descent into identity politics in which the Prime Minister referred to “old-stock” Canadians (as distinct from those born abroad) on national television—the stratification of society to which Michael Marmot so often refers. And because many do not recognise it as Canadian or the context in which it nests, they will reject it—some with anger, others with hope.
    In their Correspondence, Kamiar Alaei and colleagues (September, 2015) suggest that the Iran–USA relationship could be normalised through academic educational and research collaborations, which has been defined as global health diplomacy. Diplomacy no longer only concerns power, security, and economics, but global challenges such as health. Foreign policies (eg, economic sanctions) can endanger health as well as promote it. The lifting of economic sanctions could stabilise, steadily driving up all prices including food to some extent, and address the limited availability of high quality drugs and medical devices. Sanctions have not only led to material shortages, but have also endangered mental health because of continuous threats. People exposed to stressful life events have higher mortality and morbidity. Moreover, research including medical research in Iran has suffered greatly during the international economic sanctions. One of the bibliometric indicators of a country\'s scientific performance is the number of publications. According to Web of Science, the number of publications by Iranian authors in medical and health sciences has decreased from 23 409 in 2012 to 22 918 in 2013, whereas population number had been steadily increasing in the years before the economic and banking sanctions. In conclusion, the Iran nuclear deal is an opportunity to strengthen the academic and scientific relationship between Iran and the USA and to promote medical research activity and public health especially in Iran. Since Iranian citizens compose the sixth largest group of international practising physicians in the USA, and in view of the academic positions that Iranian-Americans hold, their role in a scientific relationship could be prominent.