Mean menarche age was years CI and mean voice

Mean menarche age was 12.5 years (95%CI 12.4-12.6), and mean voice change age was 13.1 years (95%CI 13.0-13.2). Overweight/obese adolescents or those from wealthier families living in urban areas had earlier menarche or voice change. 38.4% adolescents, mostly boys (74.0% 2.1% girls) were at the stage of pre-pubertal stage. “Urban pattern” (higher in rice, meat and vegetables) and “Snacking pattern” (higher in desserts and chickens, sweets and beverages) were associated with significantly earlier attainment of voice change, and advanced pubertal development in boys, but not in girls with any pubertal indicators.
Diets higher in snacks and meat with oil and rice were associated with advanced pubertal stage in boys but not in girls. Adolescents from wealthier households in urban districts had earlier pubertal attainment indicated by menarche or voice change.
: Wellcome Trust.

The aim of the study was to determine the effect of standard vs protein and caspase inhibitor fortified Meals-on-Wheels (MOW) meals on nutritional and functional status, quality of life and hospital admissions (both number and length of stay/LOS) of community-dwelling nutritionally-at risk elderly.
Forty-one nutritionally at-risk elderly were randomly assigned to one of three groups: Group 1 – energy and protein fortified meals on ≥ 3 days/week + dietetics counselling; Group 2 – standard meals on ≥ 3 days/week + dietetics counselling; and, Group 3 – 1 session of dietetics counselling only. Measurements of outcomes were conducted at baseline and 12 weeks.
Twenty-nine participants aged 83 ± 5.8 years completed the entire 12-weeks study (Group 1: = 12, Group 2: = 7, Group 3: = 10). Although not statistically significant, MNA score was increased by 4 points in Group 1 compared to 2.8 points for Group 2 and 2.4 points for Group 3. Furthermore, LOS in Group 1 and 2 was reduced by -5.4 ± 2.8 days and -5 ± 3.2 days, whereas LOS for Group 3 was not reduced. However, weight gain for Group 3 was comparable to Group 1 and 2 (mean ± SEM: Group 1, 0.67 ± 1.23 kg and Group 2, 1.56 ± 0.75 kg Group 3: 0.58 ± 0.79 kg, respectively) and improvement in all other outcomes were also comparable for the three groups.
For the community-dwelling nutritionally at risk elderly, the provision of protein and energy fortified, compared with the standard, MOW meals, resulted in comparable improvements in nutritional and functional status, quality of life, and hospital admissions (including LOS).
Meals on Wheels (SA) Inc.

Previous studies have shown that whey protein (WP) can improve outcomes related to risk of chronic diseases and benefit older adults by reducing age-related sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to investigate dietary intakes, meal patterns and satiety in older adults participating in a larger trial on the effects of resistance training and WP supplementation on health and physical function.
A 30 g WP beverage was consumed on three training days per week over 11-weeks by 36 older adults (mean ± SD; BMI 26.2 ± 3.6 kg/m; age 71.6 ± 5.1 yr). Subjects completed a 3-day weighed food record at baseline and 11-weeks to examine nutrient intake and food groups. Meal patterns were measured using 2-day meal event sheets and satiety was assessed using visual analogue scales at weeks 1–3, 6–8 and 11.
At week 11 compared to baseline, consumption of fruit ( = 0.019) and discretionary foods ( = 0.027) decreased; meat and meat alternatives increased ( < 0.0001); sodium intake increased ( = 0.022), and protein, percentage energy (%En) derived from protein, and %En from saturated fat increased (all < 0.0001). Meal events increased at week 11 in comparison to week 1–3 ( = 0.009) and 6–8 ( = 0.001). At week 11 participants felt hungrier ( = 0.033) and fullness increased ( = 0.022). The benefits of WP supplementation included increased dietary protein and a reduction in discretionary foods, however, increased sodium and saturated fat intakes were of concern. Further research is required examining longer term effects of WP on nutritional status in older individuals.