Pearson s correlation analysis was conducted Table and

Pearson\’s correlation analysis was conducted (Table 3), and showed a positive significant correlation of knowledge with attitude (r = 0.399, p = 0.000) and a negative significant correlation with practices (r = −0.363, p = 0.000). Correlation of attitude with practices was not statistically significant (r = −0.035, p = 0.582).
To assess correlation between various sociodemographic variables with knowledge, attitude, and practices, the Chi-square test was used (Table 4). A significant correlation of age with attitude (χ2 = 10.734, p = 0.030) and practices (χ2 = 12.984, p = 0.011) was observed. Marital status was significantly correlated with knowledge (χ2 = 29.369, p = 0.000), attitude (χ2 = 29.023, p = 0.000), and practices (χ2 = 13.648, p = 0.009).

Musculoskeletal pain is a major problem among dental personnel that affects efficiency and job satisfaction; the prime reason for this ampa receptors may be attributed to inappropriate workplace ergonomics. In the Indian context where numbers of practicing dentists are steadily increasing, there is a continued increase in prevalence of musculoskeletal problems. The ergonomically incorrect and correct positions to work are illustrated in Figs. 2 and 3, respectively. Ergonomics has been always neglected, from both a knowledge and practice point of view during clinical work. In addition, ergonomics is not part of the syllabus proposed by the DCI for both undergraduates and postgraduates [13]; as a result, the knowledge of ergonomics is disseminated using informal means only. This necessitates assessment of awareness, attitude, and practices toward ergonomic principles during routine dental procedures among dental professionals at different academic positions; i.e., undergraduates, house surgeons, postgraduates, and faculty members.
Results ampa receptors showed that knowledge scores were 52%, which are similar to results found in a study conducted by Garbin et al [19], in which the knowledge of ergonomics was satisfactory among 55.1% of dental students; Bârlean et al [20] observed respondents\’ self-perceived knowledge about correct working posture to be 52.6%. Whereas in the Indian context, the study conducted by Madaan and Chaudhari [21] regarding overall awareness of ergonomics in dentistry among 3rd- and 4th-year students and house surgeons, showed much lower scores (19%) compared to the current study. The level of attitude found in the current study is 75%, which is a good reflection of acceptability and willingness to adopt the ergonomic principles in routine dental practice by the study participants.
Compared to attitude scores, the practice scores in the current study were low, i.e., 55%, but are slightly higher than the 38.6% found in the study conducted by Mailoa and Rovani [22]. The slightly higher scores of practices for ergonomics than knowledge during routine dental practice is probably because of informal training and years of clinical experience leading to self-acquired optimal neutral posture.
Among the five different academic positions, the overall mean knowledge was highest among private practitioners (Table 3), which can be explained based on the study results of Leggat and Smith [23] and Akesson et al [24]; that years of clinical experience and the various musculoskeletal disorders necessitates them to revise and update their knowledge regarding ergonomics related to clinical dentistry. The probable reason for the high positive attitude toward ergonomics among postgraduates compared to other academic positions could be because of the likelihood of being affected by various musculoskeletal disorders during undergraduate clinical working periods. Such high positive attitude not only shows room for infusion of awareness but also willingness to put Laurentia awareness into practice (Table 3). Among all academic groups, house surgeons showed highest scores of practices, which could be because of the strict supervision of faculty where enough emphasis is placed on ensuring that house surgeons follow ergonomic principles and guidelines during clinical procedures.