The term Energised was problematic in translation as

The term “Energised” was problematic in translation as it could correspond to wzmocniony (fortified), pobudzony (aroused) and pobudzony do działania (aroused to action) and in meaning coincides with other BAES concepts like Stimulated (pobudzony), Up (gotowy do działania) or Vigorous (pełen energii, pełen wigoru). Therefore, as in the statements of Polish respondents the term ośmielony (encouraged) appeared, it was decided to use it instead of the more ambiguous Energised, which also coincided with the meanings of many other concepts. This change should not collide with the content of the stimulatory effects factor, but should develop it, which allowed us also to include it in the empirical analysis.
As a result of the introduced changes to the original (BAES), and to simplify the name of the instrument, we have called it Skala Efektów Picia Alkoholu (SEPA).
The psychometric properties of SEPA. The original experimental validating procedures that were carried out on BAES involved administering real doses of alcohol and the monitoring of alcohol in the blood [2, 3, 6, 7, 14]. In research on the validity of SEPA, we limited ourselves to defining its factor validity and verification of the Cyt 387 that the subjective assessment of short-term effects of consumed alcohol are positively associated with responses in terms of valence and similar in terms of the content expectations of the effects of drinking [4, 5, 7, 9, 10].

Materials and Methods
Participants. The study was carried out on two normative samples from a large city among declared drinkers of alcohol who had agreed to take part in it.
Methods and procedure. SEPA was presented to subjects with the following instructions:
Apart from SEPA, subjects also completed Poprawa\’s Alcohol Use Scale (Skala Używania Alkoholu, SUA) [16]. Also the second sample subjects filled in the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire by Fromme, Stroot and Kaplan [17, 18].
Poprawa\’s Alcohol Use Scale (SUA) assesses the degree of alcohol use involvement from abstinence to probable dependency based on 11 weighted indicators (diagnostic criteria). The higher the general SUA score, the greater the involvement in use of alcohol. Empirical studies conducted hitherto with the aid of SUA indicated the very good psychometric properties of this instrument both in terms of its reliability and validity [16]. The tool was employed in order to control the degree to which the subjects were involved in drinking so that the final sample contained only current drinkers and no abstainers or those suspected of having an alcohol dependence.
Kwestionariusz Oczekiwanych Efektów Picia (KOEP) is a modified Polish language version of the Comprehensive Effects of Alcohol Questionnaire by Fromme, Stroot and Kaplan [17, 18]. It includes 45 descriptions of likely positive and negative effects of drinking assessed by subjects on a 4-point Likert-type scale from 1 – I don’t agree to 4 – I agree. KOEP factor analysis revealed six types of expected effects of drinking:


Discussion and conclusions
The subjectively experienced, short-term effects of drinking alcohol depend on, among other things, the length of time and stage of metabolising in the body (see Figure 1). As the level of alcohol rises in the blood, usually at the start of consumption, the effects are experienced as stimulating. The drinkers feel an improvement of mood, a rise in energy level, they are excited, more self-confident, talkative and ready for action. However, as alcohol levels in the blood drop with its metabolisation, the experienced effects of alcohol use become ever more clearly sedative. Drinkers start having ever greater difficulty with concentration, they feel dizzy, thinking processes slow down, it is ever more difficult to control their own reactions and they become irritable, sleepy and vacant. These effects are more intense the greater the dose of consumed alcohol [1–3].
The aim of the conducted research was to formulate a Polish language adaptation of Martin et al.’s Biphasic Alcohol Effects Scale (BAES) [2, 3]. This instrument is supposed to measure the subjective assessment of the stimulatory-sedative, short-term (direct) effects of drinking alcohol. The experience of the subjective effects of alcohol has a significant bearing on involvement in alcohol consumption, and so poses the risk of the development of resulting problems and disorders [4–7, 11–14].